Tax Evasion Poses a Challenge to Developing Countries

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Tax evasion poses an acute challenge to developing and developed countries. From 2000 to 2010, illicit financial flows deprived developing countries of US$5.86 trillion. Tax evasion is not a victimless crime – for people in the developing world, the consequences of tax evasion can be a matter of life and death. If developing countries could recover this untaxed wealth, it could mobilize enormous resources for improving their public services and their citizens’ lives.

The new Eurodad report “Secret structures, hidden crimes” finds that the hidden ownership of companies and other legal structures facilitates tax evasion, corruption and related crimes. It outlines the different ways that individuals abuse companies, trusts and other vehicles in order to evade taxes.

It argues that better information about who owns and controls these companies and other set-ups is key to bringing trillions of dollars of offshore wealth back into the tax net and helping to prevent capital flight in the future.

It argues that all forms of tax evasion can be more effectively fought where they are recognized as a “predicate offense” of money laundering as this makes it a criminal offense to help someone to hide and shift tax-evaded money. For some countries tax evasion is already a predicate offense, but only in a limited set of circumstances.

A first step is to implement a robust interpretation of the Financial Action Task Force’s set of recommendations from February 2012. In Europe, the review of the EU’s Anti-Money Laundering Directive (AMLD) in 2013 will be one of the biggest opportunities. The report recommends that this political opportunity is used to:

  1. Create publicly available government registers of the real owners and controllers of companies, trusts and other such legal structures.
  2. Make all tax evasion, a predicate offense of money laundering
  3. Improve compliance with and enforcement of anti-money laundering rules and introduce credible sanctions.